Horizon Primary Academy ensures that the aims of the new curriculum are embedded in the daily teaching of maths. Children are given a variety of opportunities to practise a new mathematical concept or skill to become fluent. They then apply this knowledge and understanding to a range of problems and investigations through the core curriculum and topic based work.
Reasoning - a key mathematical practice
The new maths curriculum strongly emphasises the process of reasoning as one of the key mathematical practices. Through reasoning, children connect ideas and gain a deeper conceptual understanding in maths. At Horizon Primary Academy we devise a range of reasoning activities for the children to undertake such as ‘true or false’, ‘spot the mistake’, ‘can you prove …’ etc once they have become fluent with a key mathematical skill. The mathematical reasoning activities allow the children to explain and justify their findings as well as deepen and broaden their understanding.
Maths in the Foundation Stage
Maths in the foundation stage encompasses whole class teaching as well as small group teaching whereby the focus tends to lend itself to practical or mental activities. This learning can take place inside the classroom or outside where there is an abundance of natural resources to use to support learning such as counting and ordering the size of conkers, comparing wings on insects and ordering the weight of birds. Children also learn through child initiated and free flow activities so that mathematical questions can be asked to gain an insight into their grasp on maths.
Maths in KS1
At Horizon Primary Academy we aim to ensure that the children develop confidence and fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value e.g. being able to recognise, read, write order and count using numbers to at least 100. They will also develop a solid understanding of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division using the related vocabulary and will be introduced to the concept of fractions.
Children will be introduced to the world of shape (2D and 3D) and will develop their knowledge through drawing, sorting, comparing and describing using vocabulary such as faces, edges, sides, square, cube, symmetry, right angles etc. The children will experience measures through a range of activities linked to length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money.
By the end of KS1 the children should know their number bonds to 20, know their 2, 5 and 10 times tables and have a good understanding of place value. We aim to provide the children with plenty of practice through practical work (e.g. using objects, pictures, number lines etc.) to ensure fluency within maths.
Maths in lower KS2 (Years 3 and 4)
Our aim is to increase the children’s fluency with number, the four operations and place value by building on from the work in KS1. We will be focusing on developing the children’s written methods and carrying out calculations with larger numbers. The children will also extend their knowledge of fractions and the links with decimals and will be expected to know their times tables up to 12 x 12 by the end of Year 4.
Children’s knowledge of shape, space and measure will be developed through reasoning so they can analyse the properties of shapes and the relationships between them, measure with increasing accuracy and make links between measure and number through everyday contexts.
Maths in upper KS2 (Years 5 and 6)
The main focus within upper KS2 is to extend the children’s understanding of the number system and place value, using larger numbers including negative numbers. We will build on their knowledge and understanding of the four number operations and encourage the links between multiplication, division, fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. The children will expected to use efficient written and mental calculation methods in order to solve a range of problems and will be introduced to the concept of algebra.
By the end of KS2 all children should be fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division and their work in fractions, decimals and percentages.
The teaching of geometry and measure will be used to consolidate and extend their knowledge developed in number. They will experience more complex concepts within these areas e.g. conversion of units of measure, calculation of area, perimeter and volume and be expected to use and understand the related vocabulary.
It is vitally important that children grasp and master the times tables while they are at primary school as if they don't, there is a risk that they may never catch up.
Learning multiplication is an important foundation for learning different aspects of mathematics such as division, algebra, long multiplication, and even fractions. For children that don’t have a solid grasp of the times tables, they may find these other areas to be hard to understand as well.
To enable children to become fluent with their times tables, Club 60/20 has been created to engage and challenge children to learn their times tables.
Once a week, Key Stage one children work their way through 20 questions of the 2, 5, and 10 times tables , along with corresponding division facts. For Key Stage 2, children work their way through 60 questions where they have to rapidly recall each of their times tables with increasing difficulty as well as corresponding division facts.
Club 60/20 is extremely challenging because the children need to correctly answer either their 20 or 60 questions in two minutes to be awarded a prize such as a polaroid camera, a family ticket to Chessington World of Adventures or a £10 gift voucher to spend at a shop of their choice. Small prizes will be awarded every term and larger prizes, such as polaroid cameras, will be awarded in the Summer term. Every child starts at 5 minutes and aims to working towards answering their questions correctly in two minutes. Last year, we had nine Year 6 children who answered 60 questions correctly in one minute proving that the challenge can be successful as they were determined to learn their times tables to achieve an amazing prize .